Content Security Policy implemented with unsafe inline

OWASP 2013-A5 OWASP 2017-A6 OWASP 2021-A5 OWASP 2019-API7 CWE-79 ISO27001-A.14.2.5 WASC-15 WSTG-CONF-12

Content Security Policy is a security standard. It was introduced to protect from cross-site scripting and other injection attacks. This is achieved by restricting data access from different sources. This application uses an Unsafe Content Security Policy Directive unsafe-inline. This vulnerability allows the execution of inline scripts, which almost defeats the purpose of Content Security Policy. When this is approved, it’s effortless to exploit a Cross-site Scripting vulnerability on your website successfully.


The attacker can send malicious code embedded in a script. The following is an example.




The impacts of this type of vulnerability include:-

  • Cross-site scripting - Cross-site Scripting (XSS) is a client-side code injection attack where an attacker can execute malicious scripts into a website or web application.
  • Clickjacking - Clickjacking is a malicious technique of tricking an end user into clicking on a malicious link.
  • Code injection attacks - Code injection is the exploitation of a computer bug which includes processing invalid data.

Mitigation / Precaution

Beagle recommends the following fixes:-

  • Make sure to set a proper Content Security Policy.
  • Try to remove all unsafe inline from Content Security Policy Directive.

Latest Articles